Articles & Resources

Society for Health Psychology

Repository of Health Disparity-Related Literature

Diversity & Multiculturalism, Health Research

We recognize the list below is just the start of this repository and we are hopeful that our membership will participate in growing this resource for the benefit of both members and the population at large.

One caveat for inclusion in this list, we are only including articles that are freely accessible to the public. We understand that other articles are valuable, but in order for this resource to be useful for all, the articles need to be accessible to all.

The goal is to highlight research that increases visibility of issues related to health equity and increase knowledge and in investment in improving equitable health outcomes.  We are defining “health disparity-related literature” as broadly as possible. Health disparities can be defined as “preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations” (source:

Health disparities affect groups of people who have “systematically experienced greater social and/or economic obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion” (source:

Another resource that is important to be aware of is the Knowledge Center for the Office of Minority Health of the US Department of Health and Human Services. This is an online library catalog dedicated to the health of minority populations within the United States and its territories, which can be found here:

*If you have an article that you would like to see included in this repository, please contact the Chair of the Health Research Council. Remember, it must be freely accessible!


Bolin, J. N., Bellamy, G. R., Ferdinand, A. O., Vuong, A. M., Kash, B. A., Schulze, A., & Helduser, J. W. (2015). Rural Healthy People 2020: New decade, same challenges. The Journal of Rural Health: Official Journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association, 31(3), 326–333.

Braveman, P. A., Kumanyika, S., Fielding, J., LaVeist, T., Borrell, L. N., Manderscheid, R., & Troutman, A. (2011). Health disparities and health equity: The issue is justice. American Journal of Public Health, 101(Suppl 1), S149–S155.

Fiscella, K., & Sanders, M. R. (2016). Racial and ethnic disparities in the quality of health care. Annual Review of Public Health, 37, 375–394.

Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Phelan, J. C., & Link, B. G. (2013). Stigma as a fundamental cause of population health inequalities. American Journal of Public Health, 103(5), 813–821.

Institute of Medicine (2002). Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care.

Stepanikova, I., & Oates, G. R. (2017). Perceived discrimination and privilege in health care: The role of socioeconomic status and race. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 52(1S1), S86–S94.


Ailawadhi, S., Frank, R. D., Advani, P., Swaika, A., Temkit, M., Menghani, R., Sharma, M., Meghji, Z., Paulus, S., Khera, N., Hashmi, S. K., Paulus, A., Kakar, T. S., Hodge, D. O., Colibaseanu, D. T., Vizzini, M. R., Roy, V., Colon-Otero, G., & Chanan-Khan, A. A. (2017). Racial disparity in utilization of therapeutic modalities among multiple myeloma patients: A SEER-medicare analysis. Cancer Medicine, 6(12), 2876–2885.

Murthy, V. H., Krumholz, H. M., & Gross, C. P. (2004). Participation in cancer clinical trials: Race-, sex-, and age-based disparities. JAMA, 291(22), 2720–2726.

Community-Based Participatory Research

Israel, B. A., Schulz, A. J., Parker, E. A., & Becker, A. B. (1998). Review of community-based research: Assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173–202.

Wallerstein, N., & Duran, B. (2010). Community-based participatory research contributions to intervention research: The intersection of science and practice to improve health equity. American Journal of Public Health, 100 Suppl 1, S40-46.


Dickerson, D. L., Leeman, R. F., Mazure, C. M., & O’Malley, S. S. (2009). The inclusion of women and minorities in smoking cessation clinical trials: A systematic review. The American Journal on Addictions, 18(1), 21–28.

Edwards, F., Lee, H., & Esposito, M. (2019). Risk of being killed by police use of force in the United States by age, race–ethnicity, and sex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(34), 16793–16798.

Jacob, M. E., Marron, M. M., Boudreau, R. M., Odden, M. C., Arnold, A. M., & Newman, A. B. (2018). Age, race, and gender factors in incident disability. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 73(2), 194–197.

Still, C. H., Rodriguez, C. J., Wright, J. T., Craven, T. E., Bress, A. P., Chertow, G. M., Whelton, P. K., Whittle, J. C., Freedman, B. I., Johnson, K. C., Foy, C. G., He, J., Kostis, J. B., Lash, J. P., Pedley, C. F., Pisoni, R., Powell, J. R., & Wall, B. M. (2018). Clinical outcomes by race and ethnicity in the Systolic Blood pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT): A randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Hypertension, 31(1), 97–107.

Street, R. L., Gordon, H., & Haidet, P. (2007). Physicians’ communication and perceptions of patients: Is it how they look, how they talk, or is it just the doctor? Social Science & Medicine (1982), 65(3), 586–598.

Mood Disorders

Murphy, E., & McMahon, F. J. (2013). Pharmacogenetics of antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics in diverse human populations. Discovery Medicine, 16(87), 113–122.

Polanka, B. M., Vrany, E. A., Patel, J., & Stewart, J. C. (2017). Depressive Disorder Subtypes as Predictors of Incident Obesity in US Adults: Moderation by Race/Ethnicity. American Journal of Epidemiology, 185(9), 734–742.


Andrea, S. B., Hooker, E. R., Messer, L. C., Tandy, T., & Boone-Heinonen, J. (2017). Does the association between early life growth and later obesity differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status? A systematic review. Annals of Epidemiology, 27(9), 583-592.e5.

Camhi, S. M., Bray, G. A., Bouchard, C., Greenway, F. L., Johnson, W. D., Newton, R. L., Ravussin, E., Ryan, D. H., Smith, S. R., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2011). The relationship of waist circumference and BMI to visceral, subcutaneous, and total body fat: Sex and race differences. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 19(2), 402–408.

Carroll, J. F., Chiapa, A. L., Rodriquez, M., Phelps, D. R., Cardarelli, K. M., Vishwanatha, J. K., Bae, S., & Cardarelli, R. (2008). Visceral fat, waist circumference, and BMI: Impact of race/ethnicity. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 16(3), 600–607.

Cuevas, A. G., Ortiz, K., & Ransome, Y. (2019). The moderating role of race/ethnicity and nativity in the relationship between perceived discrimination and overweight and obesity: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1458.

Heymsfield, S. B., Peterson, C. M., Thomas, D. M., Heo, M., & Schuna, J. M. (2016). Why are there race/ethnic differences in adult body mass index-adiposity relationships? A quantitative critical review. Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 17(3), 262–275.

Polanka, B. M., Vrany, E. A., Patel, J., & Stewart, J. C. (2017). Depressive Disorder Subtypes as Predictors of Incident Obesity in US Adults: Moderation by Race/Ethnicity. American Journal of Epidemiology, 185(9), 734–742.


Green, C. R., Anderson, K. O., Baker, T. A., Campbell, L. C., Decker, S., Fillingim, R. B., Kalauokalani, D. A., Kaloukalani, D. A., Lasch, K. E., Myers, C., Tait, R. C., Todd, K. H., & Vallerand, A. H. (2003). The unequal burden of pain: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in pain. Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.), 4(3), 277–294.

Hirsh, A. T., Hollingshead, N. A., Bair, M. J., Matthias, M. S., Wu, J., & Kroenke, K. (2013). The influence of patient’s sex, race and depression on clinician pain treatment decisions. European Journal of Pain (London, England), 17(10), 1569–1579.

Meghani, S. H., Byun, E., & Gallagher, R. M. (2012). Time to take stock: A meta-analysis and systematic review of analgesic treatment disparities for pain in the United States. Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.), 13(2), 150–174.

Sabin, J. A., & Greenwald, A. G. (2012). The influence of implicit bias on treatment recommendations for 4 common pediatric conditions: Pain, urinary tract infection, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and asthma. American Journal of Public Health, 102(5), 988–995.

Sexual and Gender Minority Health

Baptiste-Roberts, K., Oranuba, E., Werts, N., & Edwards, L. V. (2017). Addressing healthcare disparities among sexual minorities. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, 44(1), 71–80.

Dodge, B., Herbenick, D., Friedman, M. R., Schick, V., Fu, T.-C. J., Bostwick, W., Bartelt, E., Muñoz-Laboy, M., Pletta, D., Reece, M., & Sandfort, T. G. M. (2016). Attitudes toward bisexual men and women among a nationally representative probability sample of adults in the United States. PloS One, 11(10), e0164430.

Pachankis, J. E., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Rendina, H. J., Safren, S. A., & Parsons, J. T. (2015). LGB-affirmative cognitive-behavioral therapy for young adult gay and bisexual men: A randomized controlled trial of a transdiagnostic minority stress approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(5), 875–889.

Reisner, S. L., Poteat, T., Keatley, J., Cabral, M., Mothopeng, T., Dunham, E., Holland, C. E., Max, R., & Baral, S. D. (2016). Global health burden and needs of transgender populations: A review. Lancet (London, England), 388(10042), 412–436.